The following is a compilation of combat footage that provides a fascinating insight into the point of view of an insurgent during the 2003 Iraq War. It shows insurgent fighters from Kataib Hezbollah operating largely in Baghdad and provides an insight into their guerilla tactics and weapons used in audacious attacks on coalition forces.
What is a Kataib Hezbollah Insurgent?
Kata’ib Hezbollah is a largely Iranian funded, Shia Muslim militant group and was founded in 2003 just before the US invasion and subsequent Iraq War of the same year. After the Saddam Hussein regime was overthrown, the Iraq War degenerated and turned into a war between coalition forces and the post-Saddam insurgency.
Kata’ib Hezbollah came to prominence around 2007 due to their rising attacks against US and coalition forces in Iraq. The group was known for uploading its videos of its attacks online, such as the video featured in this article. By the middle of 2008, a US-led offensive had been launched against Kata’ib Hezbollah and related groups. As a result of this offensive, Many of the group’s leaders were captured and many others left Iraq and fled to neighboring Iran.
After being insurgent fighters of Kataib Hezbollah were held responsible for a range of IED, mortar, rocket, and sniper attacks against the US and coalition forces, on 2 July 2009, Kata’ib Hezbollah was added to the U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. In December of the same year, Kata’ib Hezbollah intercepted the unencrypted video feed of MQ-1 Predator UAVs above Iraq.
Following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War in 2011, Kata’ib Hezbollah acknowledged sending fighters to Syria to fight alongside forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad, against the Sunni rebels seeking to overthrow him. In 2014, Kataib Hezbollah began to play a significant role in the fight against ISIS in Iraq. In the same year, Kataib Hezbollah and six other Shia Iraqi paramilitary groups formed the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF).